Jasmine needs to make a bouquet of 24 yellow and orange carnations. The ratio of yellow carnations to all of the carnations must be 1 to 3. She determines that she will need 8 orange carnations for the bouquet. Which statement correctly describes her error?

 

She did not include enough orange carnations. She thought the ratio of orange carnations to all carnations was 1 to 3.

She included too many orange carnations. If 1 of the 3 flowers is yellow, then 2 must be orange.

She did not include enough orange carnations. If 1 of the 24 flowers is yellow, then 23 must be orange.

She included too many orange carnations. She thought the ratio of orange carnations to yellow carnations was 1 to 3.

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If Y = yellow carnations and X = orange carnations, X+Y=24. So Y/(X+Y)=1/3, Y/24=1/3 so Y=8, not X=8. She thought the ratio orange to all the carnations was 1:3. (She would need 16 orange carnations if she had 8 yellow.) Answer 1.

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