a boat travels 25 miles upstream in 5 hours.going downstream,itcan travel 65 miles in the same amount of time. Find the speed of the current and the speed of the boat in still water. What is the speed of the current....mph

Again, this is what we were taught to solve time and distance problems:

distance d

speed | time s | t

With that, being given two of the parameters, we know how to

calculate the missing parameter.

This problem gives us distance and time. We need to find speed.

Part 1: 25 mi / 5 hrs = 5 m/h

Part 2: 65 mi / 5 hrs = 13 m/h

Speed has two components, the boat's speed and the current's speed.

Going upstream, the boat's speed is decreased by the current's speed

to give the combined speed.

Going downstream, the boat's speed is increased by the current's speed

to give the combined speed.

Part 1: b - c = 5 m/h

Part 2: b + c = 13 m/h

Adding these two equations will eliminate the current's speed.

b - c = 5 m/h

+(b + c = 13 m/h)

-----------------------

2b = 18 m/h

2b = 18 m/h

b = 9 m/h

We can use either the upstream or downstream equation

to find the current's speed.

b + c = 13 m/h

9 m/h + c = 13 m/h

c = 13 m/h - 9 m/h

c = 4 m/h

We have the speed of the current is 4 miles per hour

and the speed of the boat is 9 miles per hour